Dermatitis is a general medical term that is defined as an inflammation of the skin which produces itchy red skin lesions. Atopic dermatitis is a form of dermatitis that has either a hereditary component or is associated with other allergic disorders. This article provides a quick overview of this skin condition as well as information on how the medical symptoms are diagnosed.
The most prominent medical symptom of this skin condition is an itchy rash. This rash will tend to appear with more regularity in skin creases where heat and sweat are able to build up. This includes areas such as the creases of the neck, face, arms, legs, and genital region.
The actual cause of atopic dermatitis is not well understood but risk of contracting the disease increases with a family history of this or other allergic disorders. The skin rash is more common in children but as a child ages they may grow out of the condition.
The initial diagnosis of this condition will depend on the observation of symptoms mentioned earlier. When symptoms are observed it is recommended that the person afflicted obtain a physical examination from a qualified health care provide in order to form a proper diagnosis.
Treatments are aimed at removing any factors that cause irritation and controlling the symptoms. It may be necessary to eliminate irritants to the skin such as certain clothing materials, soaps, etc. To control the itching, cool compresses may be used and topical steroid creams can also prove to be beneficial. Antihistamines may also be used and this option should be discussed with a medical doctor.